Product Streams ManagementProduction Allocation
Pipe-It Production Allocation facilitates accurate partner revenue sharing through detailed compositional modeling of produced hydrocarbon streams from point of sale to reservoir, well, and perforation level.
Pipe-It Production Allocation Solution gives a detailed and up to date overview of your entire production system and enable more informed decisions based on consistent and accurate data.
This solution estimates the contribution of the field production of oil and gas to individual wells. Well tests and any other measured production data is used to estimate producing wellstream composition for individual wells. Compositional wellstreams are aggregated and processed through process simulation models representing the process facilities to yield accurate calculated sales product rates. Calculated and measured sales product rates are compared, and individual well contributions to the sales products are allocated, enabling accurate distribution of revenues between license partners.
Product Streams Infrastructure is the foundation for Integrated Asset Modeling (IAM) and allows for a range of integration and optimization solutions to be built for an asset.
Petrostreamz Pipe-It technology is unique in the industry for providing accurate, efficient, comprehensive engineering and management of complex fluid systems. This technology is what separates Pipe-It from every other IAM software solution.
Manage Complex Fluid Streams Consistently
Pipe-It Product Streams Infrastructure provides consistent management of complex fluid streams:
- Combine product streams from different sources.
Track products and individual molecular components from source to market.
Consistently convert between volumetric and compositional fluid descriptions needed by different discipline-specific engineering software.
Model based PVT studies start with PVT reports from laboratories that have conducted experiments on samples collected from wells either downhole or surface.
Pipe-It PVT Solution automates complex workflows such as managing a large number of samples, formatting sample data for PVT modeling tasks, and adjusting PVT properties to fit measured data.
This can then be used to determine the most efficient lumping scheme when constructing a simplified EOS to use in reservoir simulation.
Pipe-It CO2 and H2S Management Solution enables users to get the full overview of the CO2 and H2S amounts flowing through each part of the production system, at any point in time.
This further enables engineers to adjust production from individual wells to honor CO2 and H2S constraints throughout the system.
Pipe-It Tie-In Evaluation enables accurate modeling of the effects of tying in a new field to existing infrastructure and the impact this has throughout the entire value chain.
Interactions between the production from new tie-in fields and the production from existing fields can be complex and non-intuitive. The whole value chain can be affected in terms of quality of the final products, capacity limitations in shared facilities, and flow assurance issues. These effects are difficult to model manually. To see the full picture, all parts of the production system need to be brought together within an integrated asset model.
Pipe-It Tie-in Evaluation can be used to get a detailed overview of the effects potential tie-in fields have on the entire value chain. Determine the impact tie-ins will have on total asset economics, shared facilities, and final product quality.
Pipe-It Reservoir to Network Integration consistently connects any reservoir model(s) with pipeline network models to account for surface constraints to optimally adjust reservoir rate controls.
Reservoir management involves setting rules for well and group rates as a function of time to ensure best possible recovery from the reserves. Often such well rates run into bottlenecks on the surface facility and network system since their effect is not adequately handled by the reservoir models.
This solution bridges the gap by evaluating the surface constraints at user-defined time steps and letting the reservoir management update the model well and group controls accordingly to achieve a better forecast for the field, incorporating surface limitations.
Pipe-It Flow Assurance Solution facilitates users to seamlessly connect flow assurance models with upstream reservoir dependencies, or downstream network/process dependencies.
This solution has an easy to use graphical interface to connect to any input / output parameter in OLGA models and enables you to:
- Run flow assurance and reservoir simulation models in loop until convergence.
- Optimize pipe design.
- Identify bottlenecks in production system.
- Adjust production profiles to honor flow assurance constraints.
Pipe-It Proxy Model Development makes it possible to build and tune simplified proxy models as replacements for time consuming full-physics models in conventional engineering applications:
- Well / reservoir models
- Process simulation models
- Flow assurance models
Pipe-It Streamz technology can be used as a proxy model for full-physics process models:
- Tuned to k-values from the full-physics model or as a series of flash calculations
- Runs in a fraction of the time, can process multiple time steps in one go.
And to automatically create simplified models for other parts of the production system:
- Tune well IPR curves to reservoir simulator output or measured test data.
- Generate interpolation tables for pressure drop in pipes by exercising full-physics pipe models.
Using Pipe-It’s Proxy Model Solution allows running multiple scenarios in a fraction of the execution time of full-physics models, with sufficient level of detail.
Pipe-It Sales Product Forecasting couples your reservoir models with process simulation models to accurately forecast future changes in sales product rates and qualities.
Volumetric or simplified compositional fluid streams from reservoir simulators are consistently and accurately aggregated and converted to the fluid description required by the process simulator.
Contributions to the different sales products can be traced back to each reservoir, even to individual wells. This makes it possible to study how compositional changes in produced fluids affect final sales products.
Pipe-It RNB Reporting makes it easier and more efficient to compile the yearly reports of the National Budget (NB) and Revised National Budget (RNB) to the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy.
With this solution, users can save time with an automated process requiring only updated reservoir models as input.
Human errors and other handling errors are eliminated as data is automatically transferred to RNB Excel reports.
Pipe-It Workflow Automation can replicate and automate any complex workflow, e.g. multiple complex Excel files with manual interaction.
This allows you to:
- Transfer data between spreadsheets, databases and files automatically, consistently.
- Run applications and scripts with ease.
- Collect important parameters and KPIs in a unified environment from an unlimited number of file resources integrated within the Pipe-It project.
Executing the entire workflow is done by the push of a button, making complex workflows previously understood by only a few, readily understood and executed by many.
Human error is eliminated while the entire workflow remains transparent and easy to maintain. Automated checks of workflow results is used to minimize errors associated with multiple, complex Excel files.
Pipe-It Production Optimization enables optimization of individual well rates/choke openings to maximize either oil production or net present value, while honoring any constraints along the production system.
- Several reservoir/well descriptions in parallel to suit different optimization needs.
- Robust full-physics models, accurate but time consuming.
- Simplified proxy models, fast but less accurate.
- Honor any constraints in the production system.
- Separator capacities.
- CO2 and H2S constraints.
- Gas contracts.
- Process plant limitations.
- Sales product specifications.
Pipe-It History Matching allows you to minimize the difference between data and calculation while running the reservoir model and the well test conversion programs in sync.
Pipe-It can be used as a history matching and optimization tool for any commercial or in-house reservoir simulator. Some examples:
- ECL 100 and ECL 300 (Schlumberger)
- GEM, IMEX, and STARS (CMG)
- tNavigator (RockFlowDynamics)
- SENSOR (Coats Engineering)
- Psim (ConocoPhillips)
- GigaPowers (Saudi Aramco)
Flexible definition of history matching objectives:
- Match observed production rates, pressures, GOR, water cut, cumulative production, etc.
- Use any input model parameter as a history matching variable.
- Fully customizable.
- Any weighting scheme on observed data.
This solution integrates the reservoir models and does the necessary well test rate conversions.
Pipe-It Shale Solution offers a comprehensive solution for modeling horizontal multi-fracked shale wells, based on numerical finite-difference well models.
These models can then be used for:
- Accurate history matching and forecasting.
- Liquid yield optimization.
- Well design optimization.
- Well spacing optimization.
For more details, see Pipe-It Shale Solutions
Pipe-It Surface Capacity Forecasting & Optimization enables forecasting of topside capacities and can adjust production profiles to maximize capacity utilization in the future.
Pipe-It Product Blending Optimization maximizes production from multi-field assets while honoring any quality specifications on the final sales products.
It is often challenging to determine the best way to optimize production from comingled fields while maintaining product quality within specifications (e.g. API gravity). Isolated analysis limited to individual reservoirs may yield an inaccurate picture of the whole production system and can lead to sub-optimal production strategies.
Pipe-It Product Blending Optimization optimizes the production plan for reservoirs producing into shared process facilities to extend the production plateau and increase cumulative production, while keeping final products within quality specifications.
Pipe-It Surface Process Optimization makes it possible to optimize surface process plant conditions to maximize net present value while honoring any process constraints or sales product requirements.
The solution connects your process simulator model with any feed streams from any sources and automatically converts the feed stream fluid descriptions to the description required by the process simulator. All time steps in the feed streams are processed in a loop, and any parameter in the process model can be used as an optimization variable.
Pipe-It integrates seamlessly with all major commercial process simulators.
Pipe-It Single Optimization can be used as an optimization engine on top of your current workflow allowing any third-party or in-house application to be launched from Pipe-It.
Pipe-It can then run your application multiple times, changing the input parameters you select to optimize key application results.
A range of robust and efficient optimization solvers come shipped with Pipe-It. It is also possible to use third-party solvers through a plugin interface.
Pipe-It Diluent Injection Optimization provides a customized solution for diluent injection optimization. Using Pipe-It, any model/software that represents each of the nodes in the production value chain – from well to market – can be integrated.
A consistent stream conversion technology allows Pipe-It to handle different fluid models, making it possible to quantify the effects of diluent injection on the entire production system and value chain.
Heavy oil represents a large portion of the world hydrocarbon resources, but high density and viscosity makes it difficult and costly to produce. Diluent injection is a viable alternative not only to help lift fluids to surface and reduce pressure drops in transport pipe lines, but also to increase the quality of export oil to become a marketable product.
This integrated solution for diluent injection optimization reduces cost by minimizing the amount of diluent needed to be imported, and maximizes production by optimally distributing diluent among wells.